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Dispute Resolution
In order of precedence, disputes regarding the terms of an agreement should be resolved according to the following: • evidence and witnessing; • swearing of oaths by either buyer or seller, where the word of the one swearing the oath takes precedence over the word of the one not swearing an oath; • swearing of oaths by both buyer and seller, creating a deadlock; all else equal, it is recommended for a statement of denial to take precedence over a statement of affirmation (e.g. “this sale is not invalid” takes precede...
 
Discount On Accepted Defective Items
If the buyer decides to keep the item as it is, the buyer is not thereby entitled to a c...
 
Conditional Acceptance
Acceptance is valid only with respect to the whole offer; the sale would be invalid, for example, if a buyer transacted a part o...
 
Ambiguous Or Unknown Price
The price and the currency must be known to both buyer and seller, without any conditions linking future events with price; the following statements are invalid: "...
 
Arbitrary Sale Of General Nature
An arbitrary sale of a general nature is invalid, such as selling fish in the water (assuming the seller owns the ...
 
The Sale Of Goods That Have Yet To Clear Customs
An export sale based on a sample of the goods for approval by the impo...
 
Existence Of Item Being Transacted
The good or service in question must exist at the time of agreement, and its qualitative and quantitative attributes openly known. For those cases where the nature of the transaction itself makes this impossible, both parties should agree ...
 
Delay In Making Payment
It is impermissible for a debtor possessing the means to pay the c...
 
Charging Higher Price In Case Of Deferred Payment
It is permissible to charge a higher price for goods paid on deferral than for goo...
 
Multiple Agreements As Part Of One Agreement
It is impermissible to sell goods and services in which the seller (or buyer) offers the buyer (or seller) a choice of two or more possible agreements as part of the same agreement. For example, th...
 
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